Adjective Exercise #2

           For this exercise you will need to pinpoint the strong adjectives and identify their case, number and gender. You will also be required to provide a rough translation of each word you identify. All the adjectives that are of weak declension are marked for you with their grammatical information provided. Remember that strong adjectives can stand on their own, while weak adjectives always need the support of a possessive or demonstrative pronoun.

 

  Riddle 26 Grammatical Information
  Ic eom wunderlīcu wiht,       wifum on hyhte,  
 
 
  nēahbūndum nyt ;      nęngum scežže  
 
 
  burgsittendra nymže      bonan ānum.  
 
 
  Stažol mīn is stēaphēah,      stonde ic on bedde, very high [nsm]
 
 
(5) neožan rūh nāthwęr.     Nēžeđ hwīlum  
 
 
  ful cyrtenu   ‌  ceorles dohtor,  
 
 
  mōdwlonc mēowle, žęt hēo on mec grīpeđ,  
 
 
  ręseđ mec on rēodne,      rēafađ mīn hēafod,  
 
 
  fēgeđ mec on fęsten ;     fēlež sōna  
 
 
(10) mīnes gemōtes     sēo že mec nearwađ,  
 
 
  wīf wudenlocc :      węt biđ žęt ēage. moist, wet [nsn]
 
 

 

Answer Key (strong adjectives):  Translation:
   
Line 1   
wunderlīcu: nominative singular feminine wonderful/remarkable
   
Line 2  
nyt: nominative singular neuter [22]        useful
   
Line 3  
ānum: dative singular masculine    alone/solely
   
Line 5   
rūh: nominative singular masculine  hairy/coarse/shaggy
   
Line 6   
cyrtenu: nominative singular feminine         fair/beautiful/comely
   
Line 7  
mōdwlonc: nominative singular masculine      spirited/proud of heart
   
Line 11  
wudenlocc: nominative singular masculine with braided locks

 

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[22] Notice that this particular word does not follow the typical adjective paradigm. Most adjectives that are nominative plural neuter end in -u, while the Old English word nytt simply loses its last letter.