Noun Exercise #3

            Now that the pronouns have been deciphered you will need to identify the genitive and dative nouns, as well as their number and gender. Nominative and accusative nouns have been marked for you, with their case, number and gender provided. Following the passage are the correct answers so you are able to check your work.

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  Riddle 67 Grammatical Information
     
  Ic eom māre       žonne žes middangeard, world/middle-earth [nsm]
 
 
  lęsse žonne hondwyrm,    lēotre žonne mōna, handworm [nsm], moon [nsm]
 
 
  swiftre žonne sunne.      Sęs mē sind[on] ealle sun [nsf]
 
 
  flōdas on fęđmum       ond žēs foldan bearm, flowing water/sea/stream  [apm], earth/ground/bosom/lap [asf]
 
 
(5) grēne wongas ;       grundum ic hrīne, field/meadow [apm]   
 
 
  helle underhnīge,       heofonas oferstīge, hell [asf], heaven [apm]
 
 
  wuldres ēžel;      wīde ręce homeland/territory [nsm]
 
 
  ofer engla eard;        eoržan gefylle, dwelling/country [nsm], land/earth [asf]
 
 
  ealne middangeard     ond merestrēamas world/middle-earth [nsm], sea-water [apm]
 
 
(10) sīde mid mē sylfum.    Saga hwęt ic hātte.  
 
 

 

Answer Key:  Translation:
 
Line 4  
fęđum: dative plural masculine embrace
   
Line 5  
grundum: dative plural masculine ground, earth, bottom    
   
Line 7   
wuldres: genitive singular neuter glory
   
Line 8  
engla: genitive plural masculine [37]     angel
   
Line 10   
sylfum: dative plural masculine  self

                                                                                    

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[37] This noun adds the suffix typical of the paradigm, but loses its middle vowel in the process. Engel thus becomes engla when it is in its genitive plural form.