Pronoun Exercise

            The best way to begin learning Old English is to study and become familiar with the pronouns. Any beginner's guide to Old English includes the pronoun paradigms and explains in detail how they function in a sentence. After you have studied these Anglo-Saxon constructions try identifying the pronouns in this riddle from the Exeter Book. In the text boxes provided below mark out which words are pronouns and indentify both their case and number. When you are finished check your answers using the answer key.

Riddle 8 
 
  HrŠgl mīn swīgađ     ■onne ic hrūsan trede
  o■■e ■ā wīc būge      o■■e wado drēfe.
  Hwilum mec āhebbađ        ofer hŠle■a byht
hyrste mīne      ond ■ēos hēa lyft,
(5) ond mec ■onne wīde wolcna strengu
  ofer folc byređ.     FrŠtwe mīne
  swōgađ hlūde    ond swinsiađ,
 
  torhte singađ,      ■onne ic getenge ne bēom
 
  flōde ond foldan,      fērende st.
 

Answer Key:

Line 1  
mīn: this is the genitive singular form of the first person pronoun
ic: nominative singular form of the first person pronoun 
 
Line 2
■ā: accusative feminine form of se (the/that)
 
Line 3 
mec: accusative singular form of the first person pronoun
 
Line 4  
mīne: genitive singular form of the first person pronoun
■ēos: nominative feminine form of ■es (this)
 
Line 5  
mec  (sometimes rendered as 'me')
 
Line 6
mīne: genitive singular form of the first person pronoun (with an inflected ending)
 
Line 8
Ic

 

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