Pronoun Exercise #2

The following riddle is absolutely hilarious and I am sure you will enjoy it! First identify all the pronouns; it is always easiest to begin by picking these out. Determine their case and number and write your findings in the text boxes below. When you are finished check your accuracy against the answer key. If you find yourself referring to the paradigms in order to complete this exercise, do not fret. The more you refer back to your textbook, the more familiar you will eventually become with the grammar.

Riddle 26
Ic eom wunderlīcu wiht, wifum on hyhte,
 
  nēahbūndum nyt ; nngum scee
 
burgsittendra nyme bonan ānum.
 
  Staol mīn is stēaphēah, stonde ic on bedde,
 
 (5) neoan rūh nāthwr. Nēeđ hwīlum
  ful cyrtenu ‌ ceorles dohtor,
 
  mōdwlonc mēowle, t hēo on mec grīpeđ,
 
  rseđ mec on rēodne, rēafađ mīn hēafod,
 
  fēgeđ mec on fsten ; fēle sōna
 
(10) mīnes gemōtes sēo e mec nearwađ,
 
  wīf wudenlocc : wt biđ t ēage.
 

 

Answer Key:
 
Line 1
Ic: nominative singular form of the first person pronoun
 
Line 2
nngum: dative plural ; translates none or no one
 
Line 4
mīn: genitive singular form of the first person pronoun
 ic
 
Line 7
t: nominative & accusative neuter form of se (the/that)
hēo: nominative feminine form of the third person pronoun
mec: accusative singular form of the first person pronoun
 
Line 8
mec
mīn: genitive singular form of the first person pronoun (with an inflected ending)
 
Line 9
mec
 
Line 10
mīnes: genitive singular form of the first person pronoun (with an inflected ending)
sēo: nominative feminine form of se (the/that)
mec
 
Line 11
t

You might have found line ten to be a bit difficult. In this line we find the word e, which looks remarkably like the second person pronoun ē; the only difference is the accent over the letter e. The word e, however, is an indeclinable relative particle, not a pronoun. It means which, who or that, while the pronoun ē can be translated thou in Modern English. It is important to note little differences like this as they can greatly alter the meaning of a text.

 

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