The following will be the form ot the exam. The particular questions here may or may not be among those on the exam.
SECTION A: TRUE or FALSE? [60 marks]
ANSWER ANY 10 of the following 14 QUESTIONS
In each case, determine whether the statement made is TRUE or FALSE (it may perhaps be partially true,) and give a brief justification for your answer:
1. Norwood Russell Hanson argued that observation is prior to and independent of theory.
2. According to Fine, scientific realism is dead.
3. Karl Popper claimed to have refuted inductivism.
4. Social Constructivism is the name given to one faction in the Science Wars.
5. Nancy Cartwright argues that the truth of theoretical laws can be established by the success of the theory in which they occur.
6. The aim of science, according to Laudan, is to progress closer and closer to the truth .
SECTION B [40 marks]
Answer TWO of the following 6 questions, one from each section.
1. Compare and contrast the rival explanations of the progress of scientific research given by Popper and Kuhn. How have contributions made by other thinkers helped to clarify the issues involved?
2. The revolution in geology brought about by plate tectonics fits Lakatos's analysis of scientific change. Discuss.
1. Discuss the relative merits of the various rival theories of scientific explanation.
2. Can science be objective, and if so, in what sense?