Line, Urlinie. The background
melodic line, a stepwise descent from the Kopfton
to the final tonic that spans the background of an entire movement.
The Urlinie descends from the third, fifth, or octave to
the tonic. Urlinie remains untranslated in the text since
it is in common use among Schenkerian analysts.
The graph at the bottom of this page shows the Urlinie
for Brahms's Op. 24 Variations and Fugue.