DATE:-26th-29th October 2006






BACKGROUND: Inspired by the philosophy of Mahila Shanti Sena, Unnayan decided to get involved in furthering its cause in Orissa. It held a three-day training programme with 54 participants at Kakbandh village of Rasgobindpur block in Mayurbhanj district in August 2005. A follow-up workshop was conducted at the same venue in November 2005. The second training programme was organized at Angul in early 2006. These efforts produced a very good result in small pockets of two districts MAYURBHANJ and JAGATSINGHPUR. Being successful in two locations the Unnayan team began work in some new areas, namely Suliapada Block, Morda Block & the entire Rasgovindpur Block of Mayurbhanja District. Then the team felt the need of more trained & equipped persons and decided to form a cadre of grass root trainers who can impart training at the village level. This lead to a 4 days training of trainers for village level leaders.


Training programme (26th-29th October 2006):


The training programme was attended by 28 participants, 10 from Rasgovindpur block, 6 from Morada block, 5 from Suliapada Block and 7 from the Unnayan team. After paying respect to Mahatma Gandhi, the participants welcomed each other with a flower bouquet in a participatory way. Then the eldest and the youngest (3 years of age) participant of the program jointly inaugurated the training by lighting the candle. Sri Anup Kumar Behera of Unnayan officially welcomed the participants and the guests. Then the resource persons emphasized on the importance of peace and harmony in social life. The training was conducted by Sri Uma Shankar Chaturbedi and Sri Sneh Kumar of Shrambharati, Bihar.


Sharing of experience, Group Discussion, Situational Analysis, Interpretation of historical and mythological stories, role play, success stories, game, and Question – Answer were followed as the methodology of the training programme. The training was entirely based on the value of full participation.


The main objective of the training was to create a cadre of grass root trainers. The entire training revolved around the problems and issues affecting contemporary society in general and women in particular; and finding satisfactory and viable solutions to these problems. Participants’ expectations from this training were sought. The expectations were mainly on understanding the concept of Mahila Shanti Sena- its aim, objectives and processes, organization building and solutions for the grave problems faced by women in family, community and in the larger society, Role of a trainer in the community, qualities of a good trainer, the means to improve the training skills, do’s & don’ts of a trainer, difference between SHG and Mahila Santi Sena.  In small group discussions, the participants chalked out the problems faces by a woman starting from the stage of foetus in the mother’s womb (ref. Female foeticide) till her death. Citing many examples from the traditional to the contemporary society, the facilitators provided a historical account of discrimination against women, atrocities on women, male chauvinism and male dominance. It was also realized by the participants that not only the men but also the women are equally responsible for the suffering of women in society. The subsequent sessions of the entire training programme continued in finding satisfactory answers for the questions raised by participants. They were made to realize that organized effort can solve many a problem faced by women in their day-to-day life. All those great people in the world have become great by starting from small initiatives. Greatness can be achieved by each one of us by nurturing the qualities of honesty, integrity, commitment and consistent effort. So one should not shy away from facing challenges-however big the challenge may be. Initiatives should be made with the hope and conviction that small initiatives can reap big results. Solutions cannot be expected from the people who create problems, rather initiatives should be made to solve the problems by the people who are affected by the problems.


The following points were discussed in detail:


·         Role of women in local self-governance

·         Participatory decision making process

·         Establishing peace and harmony in the family, neighbourhood and community

·         Income generation for poor and marginalized women

·         Leadership Development

·         The qualities of a good trainer

·         Pre., During and Post arrangements for a training program

·         Difference between SHG and Mahila Shanti Sena

·         Different tiers of  MSS

·         Selection of leaders



An elaborate presentation on the following was made by the facilitators in a very participatory way:-


·         Why Mahila Shanti Sena?

·         How will the Mahila Shanti Sena be formed?

·         Structure of Mahila Shanti Sena starting from hamlet to the national level.

·         What Mahila Shanti Sena will do and not do.

·         The importance of training for Mahila Shanti Sena.

·         Importance of good and effective leadership in Mahila Shanti Sena and selection of leader

·         Qualities of a good leader

·         System and sources of fund raising for Mahila Shanti Sena

·         Importance of skill development and income generation for women

·         Code of conduct for the Shanti Sena trainers

·         Check list for a training program

·         Adjustment during a training program

·         Things to be taken into consideration during a training program

·          How to keep track of every thing  during a training program

·         preparation of the training report

·         post training  follow up


The major sessions in brief:-

1.      Qualities of a good trainer:-

·         knowledge

·         discipline

·         cooperative

·         good listener

·         can keep track of everything

·         peace loving

·         free from any complexion

·         self confidence

·         learning attitude

·         truthful

·         patience

·         lawful

2.      Arrangements for conducting  of a training  program 

Before training


-          Area  selection

-          Contact of SHG leaders

-          Discussion with some people

-          Identification of some contact persons

-          Selection of trainees

-          Selection of  venue

-          Fixing the date of  training

-          Responsibility delegation

-          Collection all required materials

          During training

-          Registration of all participants

-          Inauguration of the program

-          Introduction of the trainer to the participants with some background so that the trainees also open up.

-          Objective of the training

-          Expectations of the participants

-          Linking all discussions with the objectives of the training

-          The use of games can make a training far more effective and interesting

-          Group discussions

-          Question and answer

-          Ensuring full participation

-          Inspire all

-          Have patience

-          Listen carefully

-          Document properly

-          Prepare action plan


         Post training


-         Follow up properly

-          Keep action plan always in mind

-          Support others

-          Plan proper back up strategy for any deviation


The trainers from Shrambharati play a game with the participants during the Training of trainers in Kakabandh, Mayurbhanj


Smt. Bisakha Mohapatra facilitated the oath taking of the participants by citing the oath paper in Oriya and all the trainees recited the oath note.


The closing: The program ended with a formal vote of thanks by the all the participants (Trainers, Organisers and Trainees) in participatory way.


One of the major learnings of the training was that women, with a little exposure and guidance can take this programme forward. We as the partnering NGO would have to provide them with guidance from time to time.  There was a duality of purpose in this entire training. At one level the participants were trainees. Simultaneously, they were being trained to be trainers. Hence, the trainers from Shrambharati kept bringing to their focus the role of the trainer in any particular situation. They kept creating the opportunity for them to think of trainees. Although the trainers are not familiar with the local language, they communicated beautifully with the trainees especially with the modulation of their voice and the use of their hands and body language.


The fact that a five day training programme was fitted into three and a half days made the training tedious at some points as a lot of matter had to be clubbed into a very short span of time. Yet, the participants’ opinion was constantly brought in to see if the speed of the training was too much. It would have been nice to dwell on some of the issues but time as a bit of a constraint.


From the 1st week of December, these trainers are going to start conducting trainings in the field. It was decided that an employee of Unnayan will stay in the field for the first two trainings of the trainer in order to give them a feedback about their performance and to ensure that they are able to communicate properly to the participants. By the third week of December, the final pool of trainers will be prepared who will then go ahead and train different SHG members.