Preposition and Conjunction Exercise

As you recall, a preposition is any word that conveys position or direction. When it is placed with a pronoun or noun it forms a prepositional phrase. Conjunctions connect other words, phrases and clauses together. In the text below conjunctions are bolded in green and prepositions in navy blue. The translations of the words are provided beside the Old English text. In later exercises you will have the opportunity to look up the words yourself and determine how to best render their meaning in Modern English. For now, however, just become accustomed to recognizing these parts of speech in a passage.

Riddle 8 Translation
  Hrgl mīn swīgađ onne ic hrūsan trede  
  oe ā wīc būge oe wado drēfe. and, or [18]
  Hwilum mec āhebbađ ofer hlea byht over
  hyrste mīne ond ēos hēa lyft, and
(5) ond mec onne wīde wolcna strengu  
  ofer folc byređ. Frtwe mīne  
  swōgađ hlūde ond swinsiađ,  
  torhte singađ, onne ic getenge ne [19] bēom not
  flōde ond foldan, fērende gst. or [20]

Now that we have finished identifying the prepositions and conjunctions we have all the grammatical information we need to begin translating the riddle into Modern English.

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[18] The word oe can be translated many different ways including and, or and until. I have personally chosen to translate the first oe as and, while I used or for the second oe.

[19] The Old English word ne is considered both an adverb and a conjunction; it negates, and shares function with our negative, not.

[20] ond can also be translated a variety of ways including and, but, if, or and so on.