Useful Endings Reference Guide

            Use this page to help you become familiar with Old English inflexions. Remember that this reference guide will only be helpful if you know the basic root word before it has experienced any changes. You will have difficulty recognizing suffixes if you cannot tell where the root word starts and where the alterations begin. Although this reference page is a beneficial learning tool try not to become reliant on it. Ensure that you thoroughly understand the grammar rather than just passively copying the information. The better your understanding of the grammar the less difficult it will be for you to memorize. When you feel more confident with your skills try translating a text without referring to this guide or the paradigms in your textbook.

Endings:  Grammatical Information Signaled
-a  weak masculine noun
-až  plural ending
-an/-ian  infinitive verb ending (not linked to any particular person, place, thing)
-dōm, -els   strong masculine noun
-ende        present participle, equivalent to Modern English -ing   
-es   genitive singular
-ig equivalent to Modern English -y
-ne   accusative singular
-nes(s)  strong feminine noun
-on     third person plural
-on/d  verb endings which indicate past tense
-ra   genitive plural 
-re dative singular  
-se nominative singular ending
-um  dative plural 


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