Verb Exercise #3

            Now that we are aware of the nouns in the passage it is time to figure out what actions they are performing. For this particular activity you will need to determine all of the verbs as well as their tense, person and number. The only verbs you will not have to identify are the anomalous ones, whose information is provided beside the Old English text. When you are finished check your accuracy and make any necessary changes. Always ensure that you understand your corrections.

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  Riddle 67 Grammatical Information
  Ic eom māre            žonne žes middangeard, am [anom, present first person singular]
  lęsse žonne hond wyrm,    lēotre žonne mōna,  
  swiftre žonne sunne.      Sęs mē sind[on] ealle are [anom, present third person plural]
  flōdas on fęđmum       ond žēs foldan bearm,  
(5) grēne wongas ;       grundum ic hrīne,  
  helle underhnīge,       heofonas oferstīge,  
  wuldres ēžel ;      wīde ręce  
  ofer engla eard ;        eoržan gefylle,  
  ealne middangeard     ond merestrēamas  
(10) sīde mid mē sylfum.    Saga hwęt ic hātte.  


Answer Key: Translation:
Line 5  
hrīne: class one strong, present first person singular    touch
Line 6  
(under)hnīge: [38] class one strong, present first person singular sink/bow down
(ofer)stīge: class one strong, present first person singular rise/ascend
Line 7  
ręce: class one strong, present first person singular extend/stretch
Line 8  
gefylle: class one strong, present first person singular replenish/fill
Line 10  
saga: class three weak verb, imperative singular say/tell
hātte: class seven strong verb, passive voice first person singular command 


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[38] Both verbs in line six are combined with prepositions to convey a sense of position and direction. In order to avoid confusion I have put brackets around the prepositions and underlined the verbs. Basically, these words have been compounded to give the listener/reader a better sense of how high and low the subject is capable of moving.